Nomarski differential interference contrast images of oocytes in 1-, 2-, and 3-day-old C. elegans adults
See details in Imakubo et al. (2021) BMC Bioinformatics 22(1):73.
Momoko Imakubo, Jun Takayama, Hatsumi Okada, Shuichi Onami (2021) Statistical image processing quantifies the changes in cytoplasmic texture associated with aging in Caenorhabditis elegans oocytes., BMC bioinformatics, Volume 22, Number 1, pp. 73
Published in 2021 Feb 17 (Electronic publication in Feb. 17, 2021, midnight )
(Abstract) BACKGROUND: Oocyte quality decreases with aging, thereby increasing errors in fertilization, chromosome segregation, and embryonic cleavage. Oocyte appearance also changes with aging, suggesting a functional relationship between oocyte quality and appearance. However, no methods are available to objectively quantify age-associated changes in oocyte appearance. RESULTS: We show that statistical image processing of Nomarski differential interference contrast microscopy images can be used to quantify age-associated changes in oocyte appearance in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Max-min value (mean difference between the maximum and minimum intensities within each moving window) quantitatively characterized the difference in oocyte cytoplasmic texture between 1- and 3-day-old adults (Day 1 and Day 3 oocytes, respectively). With an appropriate parameter set, the gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM)-based texture feature Correlation (COR) more sensitively characterized this difference than the Max-min Value. Manipulating the smoothness of and/or adding irregular structures to the cytoplasmic texture of Day 1 oocyte images reproduced the difference in Max-min Value but not in COR between Day 1 and Day 3 oocytes. Increasing the size of granules in synthetic images recapitulated the age-associated changes in COR. Manual measurements validated that the cytoplasmic granules in oocytes become larger with aging. CONCLUSIONS: The Max-min value and COR objectively quantify age-related changes in C. elegans oocyte in Nomarski DIC microscopy images. Our methods provide new opportunities for understanding the mechanism underlying oocyte aging.(MeSH Terms)
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